Children are the most important in any society for they are the leaders of tomorrow. Education is an
essential right which permits each child to receive instruction and to blossom socially. The right to an
education is vital for the economic, social and cultural development of our children.
Children who get education are equipped with what is necessary for development of their personality
and identity, as well as physical and intellectual capabilities. Education permits, notably, the
transmission of common principles to new generations, and the conservation and perpetuation of social
Education has as its ultimate objective the improvement of a person’s quality of life. It offers to
underprivileged children a chance to escape from poverty. It is thus an essential tool for the economic,
social and cultural development of all children around the world.
Beyond the question of accessibility, the right to an education also supposes that the objectives of
learning will be attained. This means that all children have the right to benefit from a quality education
adapted to their needs.
There two main causes of lack of education:
1. Marginalization: in developing and developed countries alike, children do not have access to
basic education because of inequalities that originate in sex, health, and cultural identity ( ethnic
origin, language and religion). These children find themselves on the margins of the education
system and do not benefit from learning that is vital to their intellectual and social development.
2. Poverty: factors linked to poverty such as unemployment, illness and the illiteracy of parents,
multiply the risk of non-schooling. Undeniably, many children from disadvantaged backgrounds
are forced to abandon their education due to health problems related to malnutrition or in
order to work and provide support for the family.
It is therefore the responsibility of our country, through us individuals, corporate organizations and the
government to guarantee each child’s right to an education. We must focus our efforts on primary
instruction so as to make schools accessible and free for all children and thus enable them to learn to
read and write.
SPEECH DELIVERED BY ADESHINA A. AJAGUNNA,